According to the FAO, the food production has to increase with 70% over the coming decades to serve a growing population with a shifting diet. This increase will be plant-based, but with a shifting diet increasingly also livestock-based. This is an enormous challenge. This challenge is seriously aggravated when the need for alternative uses of biomass will increase considerably. The food, feed or fuels discussion launched heated debates at academic, political and societal levels. The focus of this working group will be on identifying what is known conceptually and based on pilot implementation and on the essential elements of integrated feed-food-energy systems (where have they worked, what are their current and future limitations, what scientific questions are outstanding, what further pilot activities would be beneficial?)
Chair: Anne Bogdanski (FAO)
Anne Bogdanski is Natural Resources Management Officer at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in Rome, Italy. She coordinates FAO’s work on Integrated Food-Energy Systems which aims to identify and assess climate-smart production systems that meet rural food, feed and energy requirements within the ecosystem approach.
As part of the Climate, Energy and Tenure division of FAO, she is interested in how food security and climate change can be addressed simultaneously. Giving smallholders adequate access to modern energy services, accelerating the implementation of renewable energy technologies and promoting energy efficiency is key to this challenge. Ms Bogdanski’s current involvement with the Landscape for People, Food and Nature Initiative, coordinated by Ecoagriculture partners, and the FAO report she co-authored on “Making Integrated Food-Energy Systems Work for People and Climate” aim to shed light on these issues.
Ms Bogdanski is a Biologist by training, but has moved into inter-disciplinary work related to rural development and natural resource management. Formerly with the German Development Service, she has worked with Bolivian smallholder coffee farmers on diversified farming systems, agroforestry and organic agriculture. As a freelance Science Journalist she has written about nature conservation and agriculture for the German national newspapers Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung und Sonntagszeitung.
Moderator Prem Bindraban (ISRIC)
Dr. Ir. Prem S. Bindraban (MBA) is director of ISRIC World Soil Information (www.isric.org) and leader of international research in agro-production systems at Plant Research International, both residing under Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands. He is also a lecturer at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. He has worked at several international research institutions, including IRRI (Philippines) and CIMMYT (Mexico) and has participated in research projects for the World Bank, FAO, International Water Management Institute, UN and many other research and development organisations.
Using production ecological concepts he has calculated world food production potentials, land quality indicators, water requirement for food and ecosystems. In the real world, he is engaged in project like “water-saving rice”, “strengthening the oilseed sector in Eastern Africa”, “improving Jatropha productivity”. He is further involved in identification of research strategies for development, such as the recent report on “Science and Technology Strategies for improving Agricultural Productivity and Food Security in Africa” at the request of the former Secretary General of the UN Kofi Annan.
Over the past years he has became a leading figure in the food, feed, fuel debate and has been approached by various ministries in the Netherlands to lead research about the sustainable availability of biofuels, and has initiated intensive collaboration with Brazilian institutions. He will pursue analyses of these global matters by making more effective use of the extensive and high quality soil databases of ISRIC.
Co-chair Maria Tapio Bistrom (FAO)
Maria Tapio Bistrom is an agricultural economist and coordinator of the FAO Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) program
Setting the stage – a background note to stimulate discussion
A gradual transformation towards Integrated Food-Feed-Energy Systems
Speakers and presentations (clickable)
Introduction to the subtheme
Speaker 1 Christha Roth - Food and Energy Security Turning competition into synergy
Christa Roth has extensive field experience concerning access, availability and utilisation of biomass as food and/or fuel in developing countries, mostly in Africa. She worked 11 years for GTZ (German Technical Cooperation, now GIZ) on Food Security and Biomass Energy Conservation in Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia. As freelance-consultant she supports processes of technology adaptation to local conditions and development of sustainable supply of devices for various solid biomass-fuels. Technologies range from simple household-stoves to large-scale options for institutional catering. Materials comprise ceramics and metal, depending on contextual availability and affordability.
She compiled a manual on the application of micro-gasification for clean-burning cook-stoves on behalf of GIZ-HERA (http://www.gtz.de/de/dokumente/giz2011-en-micro-gasification.pdf). Together with Dr. Paul Anderson she implements a top-lit up-draft gasifier pilot-project in Malawi and teaches about gasification in English and Spanish on ‘Stove Camps’ around the world on behalf of the Biomass Energy Foundation.
In 2010 she joined Dr. Patrick Webb on a revisit of the former GTZ- Integrated Food Security Programme Mulanje in Malawi (see http://www.rural21.com/1652.html#c6105).
Based on the observations in the field, she now cooperates with FAO to document the use of pigeon peas in Malawi in Integrated Food and Energy Systems and look at the potential to lead resource-poor households to be self-sufficient in cooking energy, especially in combination with improved cookstoves.
Speaker 2 Stefan Mård - Cleanstar Mozambique
Stefan is Senior Advisor (Sustainable Development) at Novozymes, charged with identifying and developing opportunities for Novozymes to engage in “Base of the Pyramid” (BoP) markets, using clean biotech solutions to help alleviate poverty in financially sustainable ways. Acting as an “intrapreneur”, Stefan develops new BoP business concepts, anchors them within relevant departments across Novozymes, and builds the external partnerships required for effective incubation.
Stefan played a pivotal role in the design and incubation of CleanStar Mozambique (www.cleanstarmozambique.com), prior to Novozymes’ investment. Since then, he has played an active role in venture management, focused on stakeholder relations and the initiation of partnership opportunities.
Prior to joining Novozymes in 2006, Stefan worked with the United Nations Development Programme in Guyana, helping businesses develop profitable solutions to poverty reduction. Stefan holds a Master of Philosophy in Development Studies from Cambridge and a Master of Science in Business Administration and Philosophy from Copenhagen Business School.
Speaker 3 Jetse Stoorvogel - Balancing climate, feed, and energy in the development of climate-smart landscapes
Jetse Stoorvogel is associate professor Land Dynamics at Wageningen University. In his research he tries to understand the highly complex agricultural systems that vary widely in space and time. This includes research on the variability of natural resources (e.g., digital soil mapping) and soil degradation (e.g., assessment of soil nutrient depletion) but also through integrated assessment modelling. He developed the Tradeoff Analysis Model which can be used for scenario analysis to evaluate the potential of new technologies or policies. Increasingly the model is being used for the evaluation of climate change scenarios.
Jetse Stoorvogel is member of the Young Academy of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences and Arts. He serves on several editorial boards. He was previously based in Ivory Coast and Costa Rica and participated in a large number of research projects around the world.
Recommended Reading materials
Bogdanski, A., Dubois, O., Jamieson, C., & Krell, R. (2010). Making integrated food-energy systems work for people and climate: An overview. Rome: FAO.
Dixon, J., Gulliver, A., & Gibbon, D. (2001). Farming systems and poverty: improving farmers’ livelihoods in a changing world. Rome: FAO.