Theme 2a: Assessing institutions to support adoption of climate smart agricultural practices
New practices need to fit the practice of the rural communities and policies at different scales, and they need a conducive environment like functional markets. In short: the institutions must support the use of new practices, and new practices must be developed in view of the specific needs of the rural community. This working group will focus on issues like the socio-economic consequences of the introduction of new practices, the socio-economic conditions needed to embed new practices and institutions needed to link climate finance to smallholder agriculture. Focus could be on the state of knowledge, on the evidence of the actual costs and barriers to adoption at the household level or on the enabling institutions necessary to lower transactions costs, reduce barriers and provide needed incentives for adoption - including through risk management and identifying key gaps in the research.


Leslie Lipper is a senior environmental economist in the agriculture and development economics division at FAO. She has worked there over the past seven years developing a program of research on natural resource economics and poverty reduction program. Leslie is the lead author of the FAO State of Food and Agriculture report 2007 focussing paying farmers for environmental services. She received a doctorate in Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics from the University of California at Berkeley in 2000. She has an undergraduate degree in political science and a master’s degree in international agricultural development from the University of California at Davis. Leslie worked for several years as consultant for FAO, IFAD and World Bank on designing agricultural development and poverty reduction programs, primarily in China and Vietnam. She was Fulbright Scholar in Brazil in 1998-99, and a volunteer English teacher in Beijing China in the early 1980’s.
Peter Oosterveer (Wageningen UR)
Peter Oosterveer is Associate Professor at the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University. After his PhD in 2005, he worked on the subject of globalization and sustainability of food production and consumption. His interests are in particular on global public and private governance of food towards sustainability, including labeling and certification of food in global supply chains, and on the role of consumers in promoting sustainability. He also works on urban environmental infrastructures and on general social theory. Recently he has published articles on biofuels policy and on processes of transition in food. His field experience include, next to Europe, also Asia (Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and China) and Africa (Benin, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia).

Document for discussion during the working groups

Institutions to support the adoption of climate smart agricultural practices with a
focus on smallholder agricultural systems in developing countries

Setting the stage – a background note to stimulate discussion 

Recommended reading materials (clickable)

Climate Smart Agriculture" Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation 2010 FAO

Community Champions: Adapting to Climate Challenges
2010 edited by Hannah Reid, Saleemul Huq, Laurel Murray IIED

Climate change and adaptation in African Agriculture
2008 Stockholm Environment Institute

Climate Smart Agriculture: Smallholder Adoption and Implications for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
Nancy McCarthy, Leslie Lipper and Giacomo Branca

“Climate-Smart” Agriculture - Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation

Campbell, Bruce et al (2011) Addressing Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations: a scoping report. Washington DC; Meridian Institute

Two other articles which cannot be distributed through the internet but the links may allow people with access to find them:

Brenton, P., Edwards-Jones, G., & Jensen, M. F. (2009). Carbon labelling and low-income country exports: a review of the development issues. Development Policy review, 27, 243-267. (link: )

Nielsen, J. Ø., & Reenberg, A. (2010). Cultural barriers to climate change adaptation: A case study from Northern Burkina Faso. Global Environmental Change, 20, 142-152.
(link: )



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