Theme 1b: Breeding for a 2030 world
In addition to the above mentioned limiting factors as a cause for the yield gap, reducing factors further decrease the actual yield. These factors like pests, diseases and weed further increase the yield gap. While agronomic interventions may help to diminish the effect of reducing factors, genetic solutions are often considered to be especially powerful. Resistant varieties of any crop may well decrease losses both in the production phase and during post-harvest. However, breeding new varieties is expensive and time consuming. As a consequence, improved seed will be more expensive than current seed and requires a formal seed-supply system. In addition, a the powerful tool of genetic modification is under public debate in Europe as well as in Africa.
Besides plant breeding, animal breeding will play a crucial role in feeding the world. The demand for livestock products will increase while countries develop, and high quality products, produced in a sustainable way, are necessary. Genomic and genetic research will help to meet this challenge. This working group focuses on the genetic interventions that will help to achieve a sustainable intensification of production areas. Apart of identifying technological options, specific attention is needed for approaches for actually capitalizing on the promise of genetic improvements (i.e. barriers to access to and issues related to uptake of improved organisms, issues related to the uptake of, regionally-appropriate investments, meeting subsistence as well commercial needs).
 

Conveners

Current position:
2010-present:  Senior Scientist and Group Leader, Crop Physiology, CIRAD, France
2008-2009: Deputy Division Head, CESD, IRRI
 
Education:
1995–1998: Ph.D. - Crop Physiology, University of Paris XI, France
1992–1994: M. Sc. - Plant Physiology, Sussex University, United Kingdom
1989–1992: B.Sc. - Genetics and Molecular Biology, University of Paris XI, France
 
Professional experience:
2008-2009: Deputy Division Head, CESD, IRRI
2005-2010: Senior Scientist (seconded by Cirad), Rice Physiology, IRRI, Philippines
2002-2005: Scientist (seconded by Cirad), Rice Physiology, IRRI, Philippines
1999-2001: Assistant Professor, Plant Physiology, University of Montpellier II, France
1998-1999: Post-Doctoral fellow, Sorghum Physiology, DPI, Toowoomba, Australia
1995-1998: Research Assistant, Sorghum Physiology, Cirad, France, and IER, Mali
 
 
Martin van Ittersum (Wageningen UR)
 
Key compentencies: Research and teaching focus on methodologies for the analysis, design and integrated assessment of agricultural systems at multiple scales. Keywords of expertise: agro-ecology; land use analysis; farming systems; systems analysis; optimization modeling; designing production systems; integrated assessment; policy evaluation, global food security. Initiator, coordinator and co-applicant of a substantial number of projects with external funding (EU, NWO, BSIK) on developing and applying integrated methods for analysis, design and assessment of agricultural land use systems. Initiator and coordinator of SEAMLESS: System for Environmental and Agricultural Modelling; Linking European Science and Society. EU FP6 project (2005-2009) with 30 universities, approx. 150 researchers, 11.5 MEuro grant from EU and total budget 16 MEuro. Currently continued in SEAMLESS Association with 11 partners with some core funding and various new EU and national projects. Supervisor of 12 completed PhD theses; 10 are ongoing. Organizer and (invited) lecturer of a range of international summer schools. Ca. 90 publications in peer reviewed, international journals; guest editor of 9 special issues on integrated methods and analysis for sustainable agricultural production systems; editor of two book volumes; co-editor-in-chief of Agricultural Systems (2002-2005); member of several editorial boards.
 

Presentations (clickable)

Martin van Ittersum - Introduction to the subtheme

Tanguy Lafarge et al - Breeding for a 2030 world: some issues and opportunities

Recommended reading materials (clickable)

Opportunities for animal breeding to meet the challenges of the future
Johan van Arendonk

Breeding and Cereal Yield Progress
R.A.(Tony) Fischer and Gregory O. Edmeades

The Genome Response to Artificial Selection: A Case - Study in Dairy Cattle
Laurence Flori, Sebastien Fritz, Florence Jaffrezic, Mekki Boussaha, Ivo Gut, Simon Heath,Jean-Louis Foulley, Mathieu Gautier

Adapting APSIM to model the physiology and genetics of complex adaptive traits in field crops
Graeme L. Hammer, Erik van Oosterom, Greg McLean, Scott C. Chapman, Ian Broad, Peter Harland and Russell C. Muchow

The future of animal production: improving productivity and sustainability
D.A. Hume, C.B.A. Whitelaw and A.L. Archibald

Will the world have enough to eat?
Niek Koning and Martin K van Ittersum

Plant breeding: a success story to be continued thanks to the advances in genomics
Jaime Prohens

The Potential of Climate Change Adjustment in Crops: A Synthesis
Robert J. Redden, Shyam S. Yadav, Jerry L. Hatfield, Boddupalli M. Prasanna, Surinder K. Vasal, and Tanguy Lafarge

Comparing decentralized participatory breeding with on-station conventional sorghum breeding in Nicaragua: I. Agronomic performance
Gilles Trouchea, Silvio Aguirre Acuna, Blanca Castro Briones, Nury Gutiérrez Palacios, Jacques Lancon

 

 

 

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